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Adler, Peter, and Nicholas Barnard. Asafo!: African Flags of the Fante. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1992.

Akesson, Rev. Sam K. “The Secret of Akom,” African Affairs 49 (1950): 237-46, 325-33.

Arhin, Kwame. “Rank and Class among the Asante and Fante in the Nineteenth Century,” Africa 53/1 (1983): 2-22.

Bowdich, T. Edward. Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee. 3rd ed. edited by W. E. F. Ward (1st edition 1819). Brussels: Frank Cass and Co. Ltd., 1966.

Breidenbach, Paul S. “Colour Symbolism and Ideology in a Ghanaian Healing Movement,” Africa 46/2 (1976): 137-145.

Christensen, James Boyd. Double Descent among the Fanti. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files, 1954.

____________. “The Tigari Cult of West Africa,” Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 39 (1954): 389-98.

____________. “The Role of Proverbs in Fante Culture,” Africa 28/3 (1958): 232-243.

____________. “The Adaptive Functions of Fanti Priesthood.” In William R. Bascom and Melville J. Herskovits (eds.) Continuity and Change in African Cultures, pp. 257-278. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1959.

Chukwukere, I. “Akan Theory of Conception–Are the Fante Really Aberrant?” Africa 48/2 (1978): 135-148.

____________. “A Coffin for ‘The Loved One’: The Structure of Fante Death Rituals,” Current Anthropology 22/1 (1981): 61-66.

____________. “Agnetic and Uterine Relations among the Fante:  Male/Female Dualism,” Africa 52/1 (1982): 61-68.

Cole, Herbert, and Doran H. Ross. The Arts of Ghana. Los Angeles: University of California Los Angeles, 1977.

Collins, E. J. “Ghanaian Highlife,”  African Arts 10/1 (1976): 62-68.

Coronel, Michael. “Fanti Canoe Decoration,” African Arts 13/1 (1981): 54-59.

Datta, Ansu. “The Fante Asafo,” Africa 42/4 (1972): 305-315.

De Graft Johnson, J. C. “The Fanti Asafu,” Africa 5/3 (1932): 307-322.

Dolphyne, Florence Abena. The Akan (Twi-Fanti) Language:  Its Sound Systems and Tonal Structure. Accra: Ghana Universities Press, 1988.

Fiagbedzi, N. Religious Music Traditions in Africa: A Critical Evaluation of Contemporary Problems and Challenges. Accra: Ghana Universities Press, 1979.

Field, M. J. “Spirit Possession in Ghana.”  In John Beattie and John Middleton (eds.) Spirit Mediumship and Society in Africa, pp. 3-13. New York: Africana Publishing Corporation, 1969.

Finnegan, Ruth. Oral Literature in Africa. Nairobi: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Greenbaum, Lenora. “Societal Correlates of Possession Trance in Sub-Saharan Africa.” In E. Bourguignon (ed.) Religion, Altered States of Conciousness, and Social Change, pp. 39-57. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1973.

____________. “Possession Trance in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Descriptive Analysis of Fourteen Societies.”  In E. Bourguignon (ed.) Religion, Altered States of Conciousness, and Social Change, pp. 58-87. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1973.

Hayford, J. E. Casely. Gold Coast Native Institutions. (first ed. 1903) London: Sweet and Maxwell, Limited, 1970.

McFarland, Daniel Miles. Historical Dictionary of Ghana. African Historical Dictionaries, No. 39. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, Inc, 1985.

Mends, E. H. Ritual Ceremonies and Social Cohesion in a Fanti Village of Anomabo.  Unpublished M. Litt. thesis, Cambridge University, 1967.  (for reference see Africa 48: 229)

Nketia, J. H. K. Drumming in Akan Communities of Ghana. Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., 1963.

____________. “Possession Dances in African Societies,” Journal of the International Folk Music Council 9 (1957):4-9.

____________. “Changing Traditions of Folk Music in Ghana,” Journal of the International Folk Music Council 11 (1959): 31-34.

Opoku, Kofi Asare. West African Traditional Religion. Accra: FEP International Private Limited, 1978.

Parrinder, Geoffrey. West African Religion: A Study of the Beliefs and Practices of Akan, Ewe, Yoruba, Ibo, and Kindred Peoples. New York: Barnes and Noble, Inc., 1969.

Preston, George Nelson. “Perseus and Medusa in Africa:  Military Art in Fanteland 1834-1972,” African Arts 8/3 (1975): 36-41, 68-71.

Ross, Doran H. “Ghanaian Forowa,” African Arts 8/1 (1974): 40-49.

____________. Fighting with Art: Appliqued Flags of the Fante Asafo. Los Angeles: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1979.

____________. “Queen Victoria for Twenty-Five Pounds: The Iconography of a Breasted Drum from Southern Ghana,” Art Journal 47/2 (1988): 114-120.

Rouget, Gilbert. Music and Trance: A Theory of the Relations between Music and Possession.  Trans. by Brunhilde Biebuyck. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Sanders, James. “Village Settlement among the Fante: A Study of the Anomabo Paramountcy,” Africa 55/2 (1985): 174-186.

Small, Christopher. Musicking: The Meanings of Performing and Listening. Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1998.

Tsukada, Kenichi. “Asafo and Fontomfrom: Conflict and Unity in Fante Society of Ghana.” In Junzo Kawada and Kenichi Tsukada (eds.) Cultures sonores d’Afrique II–Aspects Dynamiques, pp.31-59. Hiroshima: Hiroshima City University, 2001.

van Dantzig, Albert. Forts and Castles of Ghana. Accra: Sedco Publishing Limited, 1980.

Ward, W. E. F. A History of Ghana. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd., 1948.

Williamson, S. G. “The Lyric in the Fante Methodist Church,” Africa 28/2 (1958): 126-134.

Wyllie, Robert W. “The Aboakyer of the Effutu: A Critique of Meyerowitz’s Account,” Africa 37/1 (1967): 81-84.

Younge, Paschal Yao. Musical Traditions of Ghana, Vol. 1. Legon: Music Department, School of Performing Arts, University of Ghana, 1992.

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