kendhang ageng/gendhing

The three types of kendhang found in a modern gamelan–kendhang ageng/gendhing (right), kendhang ketipung (center, partially obscured), and kendhang alit/batangan (left). When the kendhang ageng and kendhang ketipung are used together as a single instrument they are called kendhang loro/kalih.

A large membranophone with two hoop-mounted hide heads attached to a wooden shell by laces running back-and-forth the length of the instrument. Sliding rings surrounding pairs of these laces allow the performer to adjust the tension and pitch of the drumheads. The shell is shaped like a truncated cone, but with a slight bulge near the wider end of the drum. Rests horizontally on a stand and is sounded with the performer’s hands. It is sounded alone or in combination with a kendhang ketipung (this pairing called kendhang loro/kalih). The kendhang ageng of a palace gamelan is typically an integral unit of the set and is carved and painted to match the other instruments.